Park von Schloss Kochberg ©Alexander Burzik, Klassik Stiftung Weimar

UNESCO World Heritage in Thuringia

Culture and nature united in beauty

The Lutherland region is full of World Heritage Sites. Thuringia alone has five sites to offer. There are also plenty of intangible heritage sites, UNESCO biosphere reserves and world documentary heritage. The "really big players" are charmingly complemented by all kinds of entertaining and surprising things, such as the world's last garden gnome factory in the Thuringian Forest.

And these are our treasures

#1 The Wartburg in Eisenach
A mystical place with almost a thousand years of history. Luther used it as a hiding place from his persecutors. He began translating the Bible here. It was the home of St Elisabeth and inspired Richard Wagner to write his "Tannhäuser" opera.

#2 Classical Weimar
Palaces, gardens and collections created during the city's "Golden Age". Goethe, Schiller, Herder and Wieland shaped the intellectual life of the city and turned it into a European cultural metropolis. They were supported by the art-loving Duchess Anna Amalia and her son Duke Carl August.

#3 The Bauhaus Weimar
The most influential design school of the 20th century began in Weimar when Walter Gropius founded the "Staatliches Bauhaus" here in 1919. A visit to the Bauhaus Museum Weimar makes it clear that it was not just about form and colour, but also about a new world view. Another visitor magnet is the Haus Am Horn, built in 1923 as the world's first Bauhaus model house.

#4 The Jewish heritage in Erfurt
In the heart of Erfurt's well-preserved old town is the oldest synagogue in Central Europe that has been preserved up to the roof. It is the centrepiece of the city's UNESCO World Heritage complex. It is completed by the mikvah and the Stone House, a Jewish town house from the 13th century. They are valuable contemporary witnesses to an influential Jewish community in medieval Erfurt.

#5 The Hainich National Park
A primeval beech forest as it was common in Central Europe a long time ago. Without human intervention, left to its own devices. You can experience the wild nature in selected places such as on the treetop path in the Hainich or on designated hiking and cycling trails.

 

All sorts of heritage in Thuringia

Did you know that the Thuringian Forest is home to the last manufactory in the world where garden gnomes are still moulded and painted by hand? Or that the Thuringian town of Altenburg is the birthplace of the Skat game? And that the Rhön Star Park is one of 16 International Dark Sky Reserves worldwide where you can still observe the starry night sky undisturbed by artificial light sources?